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Scientists pinpoint strategies that could stop cats from scratching your furniture

Scientists pinpoint strategies that could stop cats from scratching your furniture

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Many cat owners are familiar with torn cushions, carpets, and couches. The feline instinct to scratch is innate, but is often perceived as a behavioral problem by cat owners, and sometimes leads to interventions that are not cat-friendly.

Now, an international team of researchers has investigated which factors influence undesired scratching behavior in domestic cats. The team has published its findings in Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

“Here we show that certain factors—such as the presence of children at home, personality traits of cats, and their activity levels—significantly impact the extent of scratching behavior,” said Dr. Yasemin Salgirli Demi̇rbas, a veterinary researcher at Ankara University and first author of the study. “Our findings can help caregivers manage and redirect scratching to appropriate materials, which could help foster a more harmonious living environment for both cats and their caregivers.”

Kids, play and personality

The researchers asked more than 1,200 cat owners in France about the daily lives and characteristics as well as undesired scratching behaviors of their feline companions.

The researchers’ results showed that there are several factors that influence cats’ scratching behavior.

“We see a clear link between certain environmental and behavioral factors and increased scratching behavior in cats,” Salgirli Demirbas explained. “Specifically, the presence of children in the home as well as high levels of play and nocturnal activity significantly contribute to increased scratching. Cats described as aggressive or disruptive also exhibited higher levels of scratching.”

Stress, the researchers said, was found to be a leading reason for unwanted scratching. For example, the presence of children, particularly while they are small, might amplify stress and be one of several causes that can make felines stress-scratch. The link between increased scratching and children in the home, however, is not fully understood and further study is needed. Another factor that could also be connected to stress is playfulness. When cats play for a long time, their stress levels can rise because of the uninterrupted stimulation.

Cat-friendly scratching interventions

While some factors that favor scratching—such as the cat’s personality or the presence of children—cannot be changed, others can, the researchers said. Placing scratch posts in areas the cat frequently passes or near to their preferred resting spot, or the use of pheromones, for example, can lessen cats’ scratching on furniture.

“Providing safe hiding places, elevated observation spots, and ample play opportunities can also help alleviate stress and engage the cat in more constructive activities,” Salgirli Demirbas pointed out.

The key is to establish multiple short play sessions that mimic successful hunting scenarios. These play sessions are more likely to sustain cats’ interest and reduce stress, which ultimately can reduce excessive scratching on furniture. They can also foster the bond between cats and their caretakers, the researchers said.

“Understanding the underlying emotional motivations of scratching behavior, such as frustration, which seem to be linked to personality traits and environmental factors, allows caregivers to address these issues directly,” said Salgirli Demirbas.

While the researchers had to rely on self-reported data, which is prone to subjectivity, they have gained unique insights into cats’ scratching behavior. The goal of this and future research is to develop more effective strategies to manage this behavior, ultimately enhancing the bond and harmony between cats and their caregivers, they said.

More information:
Evaluating Undesired Scratching in Domestic Cats: A Multifactorial Approach to Understand Risk Factors, Frontiers in Veterinary Science (2024). DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2024.1403068

Citation:
Scientists pinpoint strategies that could stop cats from scratching your furniture (2024, July 3)
retrieved 3 July 2024
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